Historic Fort Snelling
June 24, 2016, St. Paul Pioneer Press insert
Published by Northwest Publications
Writers: Nick Woltman and Andy Rathbun
Reviewed on July 7, 2016
Items of Interest
This 48-page publication was inserted into the June 24, 2016 St. Paul Pioneer Press. However, it appears that only residential subscribers received a copy. As of this date, it has not been made available to the general public.
Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) has requested $34,000,000 from the State Legislature for renovations to Historic Fort Snelling. I believe this publication was produced in order to help justify this request for funding.
This publication contains many good photographs and area maps.
Some of my Dakota ancestors were taken to the Fort Snelling Internment Camp in 1862. They were not forced-marched. They were taken here to survive.
Text from this publication will not be provided in this review. All comments below are my comments related to statements in the publication. Some points in this publication are repeated several times. My comments on these points are also repeated. I focus mainly on the material related to the Dakota Indians and the 1862 Dakota War.
- This publication contains many incorrect and unbalanced statements. I believe it portends the future MHS interpretation at Historic Fort Snelling.
- Incorrect – The U.S. was responsible for the Dakota Indians. The U.S. made the decisions to try them, move them to camps at Mankato and Fort Snelling and to remove most of them from the state. The State of Minnesota did not make these decisions and should not be held accountable.
- Unbalanced – The Christian and Farmer Dakota prior to the 1862 Dakota War are not mentioned.
- Unbalanced – The Friendly Indians who opposed the Dakota War, allied with the U.S. Army, rescued the hostages held by the hostile Dakota and brought an early end to the war are not mentioned.
- Unbalanced – No mention is made of the Dakota Indians in the Fort Snelling Internment Camp who were taken to Faribault.
- Unbalanced – No mention is made of the Dakota who left the Fort Snelling Internment Camp to become scouts for the U.S. Army.
Historic Fort Ridgely – Visitors Beware
© June 23, 2016, John LaBatte
Updated on July 17, 2016
Fort Ridgely State Park is managed by the Minnesota DNR. Historic Fort Ridgely occupies about 22 acres within the State Park. The Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) owns Historical Fort Ridgely and sub-contracts its operation to Nicollet County Historical Society (NCHS). Today, MHS is asking for $34,000,000 from the State Legislature for Historic Fort Snelling. Fort Snelling was never attacked. Historic Fort Ridgely is the most significant historic site in Minnesota. So, how do MHS and NCHS treat Historic Fort Ridgely? Read on.
Minnesota Historical Society/Nicollet County Historical Society
“Fort Ridgely” Exhibit
Located at Historic Fort Ridgely Commissary
Reviewed on June 21, 2016
Items of Interest
MHS employees were involved in this exhibit; one had oversight. Nicollet County Historical Society employees were involved. Interns were involved. However, the exhibit does not credit anyone for their work.
No credit is given for funding. Who provided the funds for this exhibit?
This exhibit discusses some topics such as slavery at Fort Ridgely which have not been discussed previously at the Fort.
- The book Soldier, Settler Sioux: Fort Ridgely and the Minnesota River Valley, 1858-1867, by Paul N. Beck, was one of the main sources used. However, a sketch of Fort Ripley appears on the cover and on page xxii. And it is misidentified as Fort Ridgely. This tends to make me skeptical of the contents of this book.
- Unbalanced – White leaders in the battles are named. Dakota leaders are not named.
- Disrespectful – The Renville Rangers, some 50 Dakota/white mixed-bloods and whites, fought bravely in the defense of Fort Ridgely. They are completely omitted from this exhibit. Two of my mixed-blood uncles were members of this group. I am offended by this omission.
- Disrespectful – The Dakota War of 1862 was the most important historical event at this site. But, the war is briefly discussed on only one panel.
- Incorrect – Complicated subjects need more space else they should not be mentioned.
- There were many incorrect statements in the text at Fort Ridgely already. The existing mistakes should be fixed before adding more mistakes.
Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter
“Commemorating Controversy: The Dakota -U.S. War of 1862”
Currently on display at Historic Fort Ridgely
First Reviewed on March 9, 2012
Revisited on June 16, 2016
Updated on July 12, 2016
Items of Interest
Gustavus Adolphus students, with help from instructors and advisors, completed this exhibit in 2012. It has been on display at President Lincoln’s Cottage in Washington D.C., Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian in New York, National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D. C. and other locations. As of the date of this review, it is on display at Historic Fort Ridgely. This exhibit won the National Award of Merit from the American Association for State and Local History in May of 2013.
Do these honors make it good exhibit? Read on and judge for yourself
- Incorrect – There are a high number of incorrect statements.
- Unbalanced – The exhibit does not discuss the heroic efforts of the Friendly Dakota who rescued the hostages held by the hostile Dakota and brought an early end to the war. The visitor is led to think that all Dakota Indians went to war when in fact the majority of the Dakota Indians opposed war with the whites.
- Unbalanced – The exhibit discusses what happened to the Dakota after the war. It does discuss what happened to the whites.
- Incorrect – Allegations and opinions are treated as facts without showing proof.
- Incorrect – General statements are made that did not apply to all Dakota Indians.
- Incorrect – Complicated subjects need more space else they should not be discussed.
- Unbalanced – There is no discussion on how the Dakota Indians obtained this land. They were not always here. They took it through warfare. They did not write treaties.
Bdewakanton, Bdote, and Mnisota
© May 21, 2016, John LaBatte
Updated on September 24, 2016
What are these Dakota words? Where did they come from? They cannot be found in Stephen R. Riggs’ A Dakota-English Dictionary published in 1890. When I first saw them, I believed them to be corruptions of the traditional Dakota language.
Genocide and Concentration Camps
© January 14, 2016, John LaBatte
Updated on July 17, 2016
“…we owe it to those who died and suffered to tell the truth, and we owe it to future generations not to lie to them.” (Treuer, 32)
What is genocide? Did anyone commit genocide in 1862-63? Which standard for genocide should we use: 1948 United Nations Genocide Convention or 1998 Rome Statute?
What is a concentration camp? Were there any concentration camps in 1862-63?
“The Treaty of the Traverse des Sioux” Painting
(1905), by David Francis Millet
© November 16, 2015, John LaBatte
Modified November 26, 2015
This essay is prompted by recent comments made about artwork in the Minnesota State Capitol Building. First, I will give some background on myself. Then, I will give some background on Sioux origins and migrations. Finally, I will discuss recent comments made by the Art Subcommittee and members of the media about the “Treaty of Traverse des Sioux” painting.