Dakota/Settler Relations: 1834-1862
© April 13, 2017, John LaBatte
Updated on April 29, 2017
The Treaties of 1851 between the US and the Dakota Indians caused a flood of white settlers into present day Minnesota. What sort of relationships existed between the resident Dakota and the new settlers? Read on:
Fort Snelling at Bdote: A Brief History
By Peter DeCarlo
St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society, 2016
Reviewed on February 19, 2017
Items of Interest
The title implies this book is about historic Fort Snelling. But, much of it is about Dakota Indian history not related to historic Fort Snelling.
Written by a Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) employee and published by MHS, this book leaves no doubt of MHS’s policy on historic Dakota/White relations.
I am reviewing only that portion of this book related to the Dakota Indians.
- Save your money.
- How do I use this book? It has no footnotes, no Table of Contents and no Index. Without footnotes, the text lacks credibility. It is a storybook. The knowledgeable reader will be insulted. The unknowledgeable reader will be misled.
- As I read this book, these words came to mind: wrong, biased, disrespectful (to the Whites), exaggeration, allegation, generalization, incomplete, wordsmithing, revisionist history and agenda-driven.
- Incorrect – The author states that ancestors of the Dakota Indians were the first residents of the state of Minnesota. This cannot be proven.
- If Mdote (Bdote) was sacred to the Dakota, they would not have sold this land in 1805, they would not have confirmed the sale in 1820, they would not have granted Pike Island to Pelagie Faribault in 1820 and they would not have permitted the US to start building Fort Snelling in 1820.
- Unbalanced – It is stated that the Fort Snelling Dakota internment camp was a concentration camp, but it is not stated that the camps where hostile Dakota held white and mixed-blood civilians were concentration camps.
- Unbalanced – It is stated that the US committed genocide against the Dakota Indians, but it is not stated that hostile Dakota committed genocide against whites and mixed-bloods.
- While this book is about Fort Snelling and the Dakota Indians, I never saw the Dakota name for Fort Snelling.
Minnesota Historical Society Scorecard
January 1, 2017
Updated on March 21, 2017
Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) produces more products related to the 1862 Dakota War than any other organization or individual. Below are counts of incorrect, unbalanced and disrespectful statements in MHS products. The detailed reviews can be found elsewhere on this blog.
© December 6, 2016, John LaBatte
Skeptic – “a person who questions or doubts something (such as a claim or statement)”
To date, I have reviewed more than 300 products related to Dakota/White history. These include essays, speeches, websites, exhibits, signs, audio-visual and books. I can definitely conclude that there is much incorrect, unbalanced and disrespectful information out there on this history.
Why is this happening? Read on. Continue reading
Composite II Speeches (Up to August 2015)
Items of Interest
Included below are reviews of 29 speeches. I attended most of these speeches and found others on the internet. I combined these speeches into a “Composite speech.”
One of the speakers was an archeologist. His answers to my questions:
- The ancestors of the Dakota Indians were not Minnesota’s first residents.
- The ancestors of the Dakota Indians arrived in present day Minnesota about 600 A.D. from the central Mississippi River area.
- The ancestors of the Dakota Indians never occupied all of Minnesota.
- It cannot be proven there are Dakota remains in all of the burial mounds in Minnesota.
- There are many unproven allegations, incorrect generalities and incorrect statements in the following statements.
- Some of these statements are complicated and need more details than what I can give here.
Minnesota Historical Society/Nicollet County Historical Society /Gustavus Adolphus College
Lac qui Parle Mission Exhibit and Trail Signs
Reviewed on September 30, 2016
Items of Interest
The Lac qui Parle Mission was in service from 1835 to 1854. The site is owned by the Minnesota Historical Society and managed by the Chippewa County Historical Society.
In 2016, the old panels inside the church were replaced with five new interpretative panels. Six new panels were added to the outside of the church. The church is open daily only part of the year. Check the Minnesota Historical Society and Chippewa County Historical Society websites for hours of operation.
“This exhibit was begun in 2013-14 by students in a public history course at Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, in collaboration with the Nicollet County Historical Society. It was finished by Carrie Reber Zeman in conjunction with the Minnesota Historical Society.”
- An advisory group also contributed much time and feed-back to this exhibit. Some of the advisors were Grace Goldtooth-Campos, Franky Jackson, Richard Josey, June Lynne, Dave Craigmile, Jeff Williamson, Jon Willand, John LaBatte, Curtis Dahlin, Mary Bakeman and Lois Grewe. I think it disingenuous to not credit them and their contributions. I do not know if any of these people were given the opportunity to review the final panels before they were installed.
- As with Historic Fort Ridgely, the Lac qui Parle site needs a clean-up. The Huggins cabin site sign has been torn down. All that remains is a sign post and a wood-framed outline of the cabin site. The sign should be replaced or the post and framed outline removed. The staircase to the spring is covered with weeds. A sign should be placed here saying the trail is closed. The sign on the Riggs and Pettijohn cabins site is separating from its post. These older signs should have been replaced.
- It appears that bushes were removed on the south side of the church. The job was never finished. The removal area needs to be cleared and restored. The bushes that were removed have been lying in a nearby pile for at least 2 months.
- The spelling of the word “Mdewakanton” is not consistent in the signage. It appears as “Bdewankantunwan,” “Mdewankanton” and “Mdewakantonwan.” See my essay, “Bdewakanton, Bdote and Mnisota.”
- Traditional Dakota religion is not discussed at all. It should be discussed and compared to Christianity. More information needs to be provided on why Dakota people converted to Christianity. There is much duplication on the signs. This wasted space could have been used for these topics.
Historic Fort Snelling
June 24, 2016, St. Paul Pioneer Press insert
Published by Northwest Publications
Writers: Nick Woltman and Andy Rathbun
Reviewed on July 7, 2016
Items of Interest
This 48-page publication was inserted into the June 24, 2016 St. Paul Pioneer Press. However, it appears that only residential subscribers received a copy. As of this date, it has not been made available to the general public.
Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) has requested $34,000,000 from the State Legislature for renovations to Historic Fort Snelling. I believe this publication was produced in order to help justify this request for funding.
This publication contains many good photographs and area maps.
Some of my Dakota ancestors were taken to the Fort Snelling Internment Camp in 1862. They were not forced-marched. They were taken here to survive.
Text from this publication will not be provided in this review. All comments below are my comments related to statements in the publication. Some points in this publication are repeated several times. My comments on these points are also repeated. I focus mainly on the material related to the Dakota Indians and the 1862 Dakota War.
- This publication contains many incorrect and unbalanced statements. I believe it portends the future MHS interpretation at Historic Fort Snelling.
- Incorrect – The U.S. was responsible for the Dakota Indians. The U.S. made the decisions to try them, move them to camps at Mankato and Fort Snelling and to remove most of them from the state. The State of Minnesota did not make these decisions and should not be held accountable.
- Unbalanced – The Christian and Farmer Dakota prior to the 1862 Dakota War are not mentioned.
- Unbalanced – The Friendly Indians who opposed the Dakota War, allied with the U.S. Army, rescued the hostages held by the hostile Dakota and brought an early end to the war are not mentioned.
- Unbalanced – No mention is made of the Dakota Indians in the Fort Snelling Internment Camp who were taken to Faribault.
- Unbalanced – No mention is made of the Dakota who left the Fort Snelling Internment Camp to become scouts for the U.S. Army.